C O L O R S

Click here to go to Colors - Part 2

Go to Part 3 - Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, Quaternary and Quinary Colors


Additive Primary Colors


Perhaps you have learned in school that the three primary colors are red, yellow and blue. Actually that was based on a system that goes back centuries and even to this day, artists still use these as their primary colors. However, in the 20th century, color theory was examined scientifically and the primary colors are now known to be red, green (actually lime or electric green) and blue because their wavelengths are spread more evenly across the visible light spectrum.

Pictured above is a graphic displaying red, lime and blue as the 3 primary colors (along with their HTML hexadecimal codes). These are called additive primary colors because they are the primary colors of light which explains why mixing any combination of these will always produce a brighter color. Because these are the primary colors of light, these 3 colors are used for televisions and computer monitors.

Incidentally, in HTML, colors are displayed by using 6 digit hexadecimal (base 16) numbers. The first 2 digits control how much red to display, the third and fourth digits are the amount of green and the fifth and sixth digits determine the amount of blue to display. Looking at the above graphic, we see the hexadecimal code for red is FF0000. As we stated, the first 2 digits "FF" control the amount of red. Since "FF" is the largest 2 digit hexadecimal number, that means it will display the full amount of red. The green and blue digits are all zero so that means this displayed color will have zero amounts of green and blue. You can see how this holds true by looking at the other 2 hexadecimal color codes.

You probably noticed that mixing these three colors produces three additional colors (called secondary colors):

red and lime =yellow
red and blue =magenta
lime and blue =cyan



We now will post another graphic showing these 3 secondary colors, with their HTML hexadecimal codes.


Subtractive Primary Colors

These are called subtractive primary colors because mixing any combination of these will always produce a darker color. These are also known as secondary colors. As a quick example, look at the toner cartridges inside your prtinter. No doubt you saw cartridges for yellow, magenta and cyan (along with a cartridge for black).

You probably noticed that mixing these three subtractive primary colors produces the three additive primary colors:

yellow and magenta =red
yellow and cyan =lime
cyan and magenta =blue


Now let's see what happens when we combine the above 2 graphics.

The Six Tertiary Colors


Combining the 3 Primary Colors with the 3 Secondary Colors produces 6 tertiary colors:

red and yellow =orange
yellow and lime =chartreuse
lime and cyan =spring green
cyan and blue =azure
blue and magenta =violet
magenta and red =bright pink (or rose)


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The table below neatly summarizes this web page.

RGB Primary, Secondary & Tertiary Colors

Color Name
Comments
HEX Code
   The 3 Primary, 3 Secondary and 6 Tertiary Colors of the RGB Color System                     
RED
Primary color
#FF0000
ORANGE
Tertiary color
#FF7F00
YELLOW
Secondary color
#FFFF00
CHARTREUSE
Tertiary color
#7FFF00
LIME
Primary color
#00FF00
SPRING GREEN
Tertiary color
#00FF7F
CYAN (AQUA)
Secondary color
#00FFFF
AZURE
Tertiary color
#007FFF
BLUE
Primary color
#0000FF
VIOLET
Tertiary color
#7F00FF
MAGENTA (FUCHSIA)
Secondary color
#FF00FF
ROSE / BRIGHT PINK
Tertiary color
#FF007F



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