United States Supreme Court Justices

The number of Supreme Court Justices is set by Congress and not by the Constitution.
Originally, the Supreme Court had six justices.
Then in 1807, the number was increased to seven.
1837 - Nine Justices
1863 - Ten Justices
1866 - Seven Justices
1869 to present - Nine Justices
  #    Assoc
  or Chief
  Justice?
  ***** Name *************************     State    Born-Died         Served As
  Associate
  Justice
  Served As
  Chief
  Justice
  Appointed by President:
  1 C   John Jay  NY   1745–1829   **************   1789–1795    Washington
  2   A & C   John Rutledge  SC   1739–1800   1789–1791   1795-1795    Washington
  3   A   William Cushing   MA   1732–1810   1789–1810   **************    Washington
  4   A   James Wilson   PA   1742–1798   1789–1798   **************    Washington
  5   A   John Blair, Jr.   VA   1732–1800   1789–1795   **************    Washington
  6   A   James Iredell   NC   1751–1799   1790–1799   **************    Washington
  7   A   Thomas Johnson   MD   1732–1819   1792–1793   **************    Washington
  8   A   William Paterson   NJ   1745–1806   1793–1806   **************    Washington
  9   A   Samuel Chase   MD   1741–1811   1796–1811   **************    Washington
  10 C   Oliver Ellsworth  CT   1745–1807   **************   1796–1800    Washington
  11   A   Bushrod Washington   VA   1762–1829   1798–1829   **************    J Adams
  12   A   Alfred Moore   NC   1755–1810   1800–1804   **************    J Adams
  13 C   John Marshall  VA   1755–1835   **************   1801–1835    J Adams
  14   A   William Johnson   SC   1771–1834   1804–1834   **************    Jefferson
  15   A   Henry Brockholst Livingston   NY   1757–1823   1807–1823   **************    Jefferson
  16   A   Thomas Todd   KY   1765–1826   1807–1826   **************    Jefferson
  17   A   Gabriel Duvall   MD   1752–1844   1811–1835   **************    Madison
  18   A   Joseph Story   MA   1779–1845   1812–1845   **************    Madison
  19   A   Smith Thompson   NY   1768–1843   1823–1843   **************    Monroe
  20   A   Robert Trimble   KY   1776–1828   1826–1828   **************    JQ Adams
  21   A   John McLean   OH   1785–1861   1829–1861   **************    Jackson
  22   A   Henry Baldwin   PA   1780–1844   1830–1844   **************    Jackson
  23   A   James Moore Wayne   GA   1790–1867   1835–1867   **************    Jackson
  24 C   Roger B. Taney  MD   1777–1864   **************   1836–1864    Jackson
  25   A   Philip Pendleton Barbour   VA   1783–1841   1836–1841   **************    Jackson
  26   A   John Catron   TN   1786–1865   1837–1865   **************    Jackson
  27   A   John McKinley   AL   1780–1852   1837–1852   **************    Van Buren
  28   A   Peter Vivian Daniel   VA   1784–1860   1842–1860   **************    Van Buren
  29   A   Samuel Nelson   NY   1792–1873   1845–1872   **************    Tyler
  30   A   Levi Woodbury   NH   1789–1851   1845–1851   **************    Polk
  31   A   Robert Cooper Grier   PA   1794–1870   1846–1870   **************    Polk
  32   A   Benjamin Robbins Curtis   MA   1809–1874   1851–1857   **************    Fillmore
  33   A   John Archibald Campbell   AL   1811–1889   1853–1861   **************    Pierce
  34   A   Nathan Clifford   ME   1803–1881   1858–1881   **************    Buchanan
  35   A   Noah Haynes Swayne   OH   1804–1884   1862–1881   **************    Lincoln
  36   A   Samuel Freeman Miller   IA   1816–1890   1862–1890   **************    Lincoln
  37   A   David Davis   IL   1815–1886   1862–1877   **************    Lincoln
  38   A   Stephen Johnson Field   CA   1816–1899   1863–1897   **************    Lincoln
  39 C   Salmon P. Chase  OH   1808–1873   **************   1864–1873    Lincoln
  40   A   William Strong   PA   1808–1895   1870–1880   **************    Grant
  41   A   Joseph P. Bradley   NJ   1813–1892   1870–1892   **************    Grant
  42   A   Ward Hunt   NY   1810–1886   1873–1882   **************    Grant
  43 C   Morrison Waite  OH   1816–1888   **************   1874–1888    Grant
  44   A   John Marshall Harlan   KY   1833–1911   1877–1911   **************    Hayes
  45   A   William Burnham Woods   AL   1824–1887   1881–1887   **************    Hayes
  46   A   Stanley Matthews   OH   1824–1889   1881–1889   **************    Garfield
  47   A   Horace Gray   MA   1828–1902   1882–1902   **************    Arthur
  48   A   Samuel Blatchford   NY   1820–1893   1882–1893   **************    Arthur
  49   A   Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar   MS   1825–1893   1888–1893   **************    Cleveland
  50 C   Melville Fuller  IL   1833–1910   **************   1888–1910    Cleveland
  51   A   David Josiah Brewer   KS   1837–1910   1890–1910   **************    B Harrison
  52   A   Henry Billings Brown   MI   1836–1913   1891–1906   **************    B Harrison
  53   A   George Shiras, Jr.   PA   1832–1924   1892–1903   **************    B Harrison
  54   A   Howell Edmunds Jackson   TN   1832–1895   1893–1895   **************    B Harrison
  55   A & C   Edward Douglass White  LA   1845–1921   1894–1910   1910–1921    Cleveland (A)  Taft (C)
  56   A   Rufus Wheeler Peckham   NY   1838–1909   1896–1909   **************    Cleveland
  57   A   Joseph McKenna   CA   1843–1926   1898–1925   **************    McKinley
  58   A   Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.   MA   1841–1932   1902–1932   **************    T Roosevelt
  59   A   William Rufus Day   OH   1849–1923   1903–1922   **************    T Roosevelt
  60   A   William Henry Moody   MA   1853–1917   1906–1910   **************    T Roosevelt
  61   A   Horace Harmon Lurton   TN   1844–1914   1910–1914   **************    Taft
  62   A & C   Charles Evans Hughes  NY   1862–1948   1910–1916   1930-1941    Taft (A)  Hoover (C)
  63   A   Willis Van Devanter   WY   1859–1941   1911–1937   **************    Taft
  64   A   Joseph Rucker Lamar   GA   1857–1916   1911–1916   **************    Taft
  65   A   Mahlon Pitney   NJ   1858–1924   1912–1922   **************    Taft
  66   A   James Clark McReynolds   TN   1862–1946   1914–1941   **************    Wilson
  67   A   Louis Dembitz Brandeis   MA   1856–1941   1916–1939   **************    Wilson
  68   A   John Hessin Clarke   OH   1857–1945   1916–1922   **************    Wilson
  69 C   William Howard Taft   OH   1857–1930   **************   1921–1930    Harding
  70   A   George Sutherland   UT   1862–1942   1922–1938   **************    Harding
  71   A   Pierce Butler   MN   1866–1939   1923–1939   **************    Harding
  72   A   Edward Terry Sanford   TN   1865–1930   1923–1930   **************    Harding
  73   A & C   Harlan Fiske Stone  NY   1872–1946   1925–1941   1941–1946    Coolidge (A)   F Roosevelt (C)
  74   A   Owen Josephus Roberts   PA   1875–1955   1930–1945   **************    Hoover
  75   A   Benjamin Nathan Cardozo   NY   1870–1938   1932–1938   **************    Hoover
  76   A   Hugo Lafayette Black   AL   1886–1971   1937–1971   **************    F Roosevelt
  77   A   Stanley Forman Reed   KY   1884–1980   1938–1957   **************    F Roosevelt
  78   A   Felix Frankfurter   MA   1882–1965   1939–1962   **************    F Roosevelt
  79   A   William Orville Douglas   CT   1898–1980   1939–1975   **************    F Roosevelt
  80   A   Frank Murphy   MI   1890–1949   1940–1949   **************    F Roosevelt
  81   A   James Francis Byrnes   SC   1882–1972   1941–1942   **************    F Roosevelt
  82   A   Robert Houghwout Jackson   NY   1892–1954   1941–1954   **************    F Roosevelt
  83   A   Wiley Blount Rutledge   IA   1894–1949   1943–1949   **************    F Roosevelt
  84   A   Harold Hitz Burton   OH   1888–1964   1945–1958   **************    Truman
  85 C   Fred M. Vinson  KY   1890–1953   **************   1946–1953    Truman
  86   A   Tom Campbell Clark   TX   1899–1977   1949–1967   **************    Truman
  87   A   Sherman Minton   IN   1890–1965   1949–1956   **************    Truman
  88 C   Earl Warren  CA   1891–1974   **************   1953–1969    Eisenhower
  89   A   John Marshall Harlan II   NY   1899–1971   1955–1971   **************    Eisenhower
  90   A   William J. Brennan, Jr.   NJ   1906–1997   1956–1990   **************    Eisenhower
  91   A   Charles Evans Whittaker   MO   1901–1973   1957–1962   **************    Eisenhower
  92   A   Potter Stewart   OH   1915–1985   1958–1981   **************    Eisenhower
  93   A   Byron Raymond White   CO   1917–2002   1962–1993   **************    Kennedy
  94   A   Arthur Joseph Goldberg   IL   1908–1990   1962–1965   **************    Kennedy
  95   A   Abe Fortas   TN   1910–1982   1965–1969   **************    L Johnson
  96   A   Thurgood Marshall   NY   1908–1993   1967–1991   **************    L Johnson
  97 C   Warren E. Burger  MN   1907–1995   **************   1969–1986    Nixon
  98   A   Harry A. Blackmun   MN   1908–1999   1970–1994   **************    Nixon
  99   A   Lewis F. Powell, Jr.   VA   1907–1998   1972–1987   **************    Nixon
  100   A & C   William H. Rehnquist  AZ   1924-2005   1972–1986   1986-2005    Nixon (A)   Reagan (C)
  101   A   John Paul Stevens   IL   1920–   1975–2010   **************    Ford
  102   A   Sandra Day O'Connor   AZ   1930–   1981–2006   **************    Reagan
  103   A   Antonin Scalia   VA   1936–2016   1986–2016   **************    Reagan
  104   A   Anthony M. Kennedy   CA   1936–   1988–2018   **************    Reagan
  105   A   David H. Souter   NH   1939–   1990–2009   **************    GHW Bush
  106   A   Clarence Thomas *   GA   1948–   1991–present   **************    GHW Bush
  107   A   Ruth Bader Ginsburg *   NY   1933–   1993–present   **************    Clinton
  108   A   Stephen G. Breyer *   MA   1938–   1994–present   **************    Clinton
  109 C   John G. Roberts *  MD   1955–   **************   2005–present    GW Bush
  110   A   Samuel A. Alito, Jr. *   NJ   1950–   2006–present   **************    GW Bush
  111   A   Sonia Sotomayor *   NY   1954–   2009–present   **************    Obama
  112   A   Elena Kagan *   MA   1960–   2010–present   **************    Obama
  113   A   Neil Gorsuch *   CO   1967–   2017–present   **************    Trump
  114   A   Brett Kavanaugh *   MD   1965–   2018–present   **************    Trump

  A - Associate Justice
  C - Chief Justice
A & C - Associate Justice and Chief Justice
  *   Justice is currently serving

There have been 97 Associate Justices, 12 Chief Justices and 5 people
(John Rutledge, Edward Douglass White, Charles Evans Hughes, Harlan Fiske Stone, William H. Rehnquist)
have been both an Associate Justice and a Chief Justice.

The longest serving Chief Justice was John Marshall (#13) for 34 years.
The longest serving Associate Justice was William O. Douglas (#79) for 36 years.
The justice who served the shortest time was Thomas Johnson (#7) for 163 days.

Four US Presidents (William Henry Harrison, Zachary Taylor, Andrew Johnson, Jimmy Carter) made no appointments to the United States Supreme Court.


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